Wroclaw, The City
Wrocław is a city on the Oder River in western Poland. It’s known for its Market Square, lined with elegant townhouses and featuring a modern fountain. Also on the square is the Gothic Old Town Hall, with its large astronomical clock. Nearby is the Panorama of Racławice, a painting depicting the 1794 battle for independence. The Centennial Hall auditorium, with its giant dome and tall spire, lies across the river. The history of the city dates back over a thousand years, and its extensive heritage combines almost all religions and cultures of Europe.
Wrocław is a university city with a student population of over 130,000, making it one of the most youthful cities in the country. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the University of Wrocław, previously Breslau University, produced 9 Nobel Prize laureates and is renowned for its high quality of teaching.
The city hosted the Eucharistic Congress in 1997 and the Euro 2012 football championships. In 2016, the city was a European Capital of Culture and the World Book Capital. Also in this year, Wrocław hosted the Theatre Olympics, World Bridge Gamesand the European Film Awards. In 2017, the city was the host of the IFLA Annual Conference and the World Games.
Wrocław is the largest city in western Poland and the capital of the Lower Silesian province. Known for the impressive and unique Panorama of the Battle of Racławice and the beautiful, historic Ostrów Tumski quarter, the city is full of historical sites and vibrant cultural venues. In 2016, it will be the European Capital of Culture and will host the European Film Awards. If you want to visit one o
The Panorama of the Battle of Racławice is a huge 19th-century painting, whose height reaches 15 meters and length 114 meters. This unique panorama artwork is located in a round building, in a special room dedicated solely to it, where, due to extra effects such as the light and the artificial terrain right before the painting’s ground, the observer feels inserted in the picture himself. The battle presented on the artwork really took place, and therefore depicts a large number of Polish historical figures and places.
Founded in the early 13th century, the medieval market square is one of the most vibrant and crowded places in the city. It is one of the largest market squares in Europe, and has not one, but two town halls. The Gothic Old Town Hall is over 60 meters long, which makes it the highest town hall in the country. Moreover, PiwnicaŚwidnicka located on the square is the oldest restaurant in Europe. The market square is great for fine, local dining, as well as for casual meetings. The square is the usual venue for new years eve’s concerts, local holiday celebrations, and street art movements.
The Monument of an Anonymous Passer-by is constituted by 14 modern, bronze sculptures situated on the Świdnicka street of Wrocław. Amongst the anonymous people you can spot a woman with a child, a man carrying his luggage, an elderly person, and other typical characters we meet every day, no matter where we go. What is special about these sculptures is that as we approach the road, each one of them ‘vanishes’ deeper and deeper into the ground. The monument was originally created by the artist Jerzy Kalina in 1977 and later on moved from one of Wrocław’s museums onto the streets. Although there are many different interpretative possibilities, the monument definitely reminds us of the passing time and our changing with it.
The cathedral is one of the most important and historically valuable monuments of the city. It was built in the medieval times, the 13th century, as Poland’s first brick building, but even beforehand there was a church standing there since the 10th century. The beautiful symmetric spires offer a wonderful panoramic view of Wrocław. Other highlights include the altarpiece in the center of the interior, which was painted in Lublin in 1522 and shows the Virgin Mary sleeping, and the largest pipe organ in Poland, constructed in 1913, which used to be the the largest pipe organ in the world until World War II.
The Multimedia Fountain, created in 2009 to celebrate the 20th anniversary of Polish democratic elections, is located in the colorful Szczytnicki Park and next to the Centennial Hall. It comprises 300 nozzles that together create wonderful water multimedia shows with the use of music and color effects. The shows take place every hour. Additionally, the longer, special shows take place at 10 pm during July and August, and a bit earlier during September and October.